Students studying American Literature will gain a sense of the writing of Nathaniel Hawthorne and see connections between his advanced thinking and similar themes found in pop culture. Students will make connections between the written word and other forms of media and be able to analyze and interpret the ideas and express contained therein. The comparison between American literature of the first half of the 19th century and modern rock and roll will engage students and interest them in completing their assignments. You may want the students to read the story from the beginning since it sets up the situation.
On the Internet, look for the rendition of the music video that will work best for the class. A good version can be found at Sympathy for the Devil. Ask several to students to describe what the devil and evil means to them. Responses will vary and all serious efforts should be respected. The depth of the presentation will depend upon what students already know about both Hawthorne and the historical period of which he wrote.
The Devil by victoriaanne | Teaching Resources
Should your students be assigned to read The Scarlet Letter you will be able to use both this excerpt and the music video to prepare them for the tone and tenor of the novel. Tell the class that the song was written in by the singer, Mick Jagger and the lead guitarist, Keith Richards. You may want to give the class some rock-and-roll history about the Rolling Stones and Mick Jagger. Your own personal history in association to this decades-old music may amuse them.
Teachers may want to review some of the historical references in the lyrics with the students. Set out below are the historical references in the lyrics. And I was round when jesus christ Had his moment of doubt and pain. Made damn sure that pilate Washed his hands and sealed his fate. Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea, presided over the trial of Jesus. I stuck around st. The temptation to sin or disobey God is a basic experience all people encounter. Jesus demonstrated the proper response—to resist with the help of God and his Word, which is our most powerful weapon to refute the lies of the Devil.
Jesus defeated Satan's attacks with a powerful stab of God's sword—the Word of Truth. When you are tempted, do you battle it with the truth of the Bible or do you try to defeat it with your own inadequate willpower? We would do well to follow our Savior's example. The account of the temptation of Jesus in the Wilderness is recorded in Matthew ; Mark ; Luke Jesus fasted there 40 days. Satan said, "If you are the Son of God , command this stone to become bread.
Then Satan took Jesus up and showed him all the kingdoms of the world, saying they were all under the Devil's control. He promised Jesus to give them to him if Jesus would fall down and worship him. Again Jesus quoted from the Bible: "You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve. When Satan tempted Jesus a third time, he took him to the highest point of the temple in Jerusalem and dared him to throw himself down. The Devil quoted Psalm , misusing the verses to imply that angels would protect Jesus. So even if you just take that paragraph you can see how the magistrates are pushing her to admit to something.
She was an elderly woman, really pious, everybody agreed—everybody was surprised that she had been accused of witchcraft because it just seemed that that would be the farthest thing from anything that she would do.
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She says that she's clear, but they say, "Okay, maybe you're not a witch but haven't there been any temptations that have come your way? So she ends up denying the whole thing, she sticks with her denial, and in the end she is hanged for this because she couldn't prove—as it was hard for any of the deniers to prove—that not only did they not sign the Devil's book, but they were perfect in every respect, they had done no sin.
That was just something that wouldn't have been believed because everybody kind of agreed that people were sinners, and they were more likely to believe that women were sinners than men. Okay, so the other thing that's compelling here is that—this part where it says, "Mrs.
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Pope fell into a grievous fit and cried out. It's not like today's court where somebody would say, "Quiet down or I'm going to kick you out! The magistrate says, "Well, then, give me an answer now, do you think these suffer against their wills or not? And then the narrator says, "Upon the motion of her body fits followed upon the complainants abundantly and very frequently.
Which again, this is something that seems ridiculous to us, but to them it seemed very compelling. What could be better proof that something strange is going on here? Now, she feels that she has nothing to do with it, but even the fact that she's saying, "I do think they are," that kind of implicated her even further because everybody assumed that she probably did have a hand in it. Even though Rebecca Nurse knew she was innocent and fought for her innocence until they hanged her, she had some sense that she wasn't free from sin.
Not that that meant that she deserved this or she had signed the Devil's book according to their theories, but you can see that this made me think that a lot of women probably shared this sentiment. She says, "Well, as to this thing, I am innocent as the child unborn, but surely," she said, "what sin [has] God found [out] in me unrepented of that He should lay such an affliction upon me in my old age.
So the confessions are very different.
We can look at a confession by a woman, Mary Osgood. I asked this question earlier, and I ask my students, why would a person confess to witchcraft? Partly I think the reason is that after a while—and by September when she confessed, this might have been her situation—that she thought that she'd get off if she confessed because they didn't seem to be hanging the confessors; so that seemed like a good strategy.
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But more than that what I like to look for in these confessions is, what was compelling to the magistrates? You couldn't just say, yeah, I did it, and call it a day. You had to—the confessions had to be realistic, it seems weird to say they have to be realistic, they sound so preposterous, but realistic to the audience. I think what we have here in the confessions is a justification and a legitimation as to what the court was doing.
Because there was some criticism about the way the court was handling the whole thing. So in these confessions, in a lot of them, you have a lot more going on than just a simple, yes, I did it. She confesses that "about 11 years ago when she was in a melancholy state and condition she used to walk abroad in her orchard, and upon a certain time she saw the appearance of a cat at the end of the house, which yet she thought was a real cat. However, at that time it diverted her from praying to God, and instead there of she prayed to the Devil. About which time she made a covenant with the Devil, who as a black man came to her and presented her a book.
Upon which she laid her finger and that left a red spot. And that upon her signing, the Devil told her he was her god and that she should serve and worship him. And she believes she consented to it. She says further that about two years ago she was carried through the air in the company of Deacon Frye's wife, Ebenezer Baker's wife, and Goody Tyler to Five Mile Pond where she was baptized by the Devil, who dipped her face in the water and made her renounce her former baptism and told her she must be his soul and body forever and that she must serve him, which she promised to do.
So there's a lot going on here. She is really giving the court exactly what they want to hear. Because—and also what people in the audience and the ministers and everything would have recognized this kind of language because for one thing, beyond the bounds of the witchcraft crisis, ministers would have told people in church on Sundays and other days of the week that you have a choice between God or the Devil, its up to you—you can choose to go God's path, you can take Satan's path.
So she's basically saying that back, that she had a former baptism but then the Devil came to her, presented her with this book, she had to renounce her former baptism, go with him. The key part here is that she consented to it. She confesses she has afflicted three persons, and she mentions the people and that she "did it by pinching her bedclothes and giving consent that the Devil should do it in her shape.
And that the Devil could not do it without her consent. It's like, "Oh, look, we are doing the right thing. The Devil just can't go and take anybody's shape, or he doesn't seem to want to do that, he wants to get their consent. He wants to get these witches' consent, that's what makes somebody a witch.
Another thing that she says that's important, that also would have resonated with people at the time. The question is, "Do you know the Devil can take the shape of an innocent person and afflict? And she has lived more miserably and more discontented since than ever before. You might think that he's going to come through on those things but he never does.
So that's not a good idea to go down his path. He promised her things, but never performed anything; and not only that, but she's been miserable ever since. So I can almost imagine people saying, "Yep, yep, that's how the Devil is. He's very clever that way.
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That's how it works. Anyway, so there are these elements in a confession that show, to me, that one of the key issues to look at is not so much why people confessed, but how they confessed. What were the important elements that made for a successful confession? And a "successful confession" meaning one that you didn't die as a result of.
I think in general Puritans were more likely to—even though they thought that men and women were equally available to bond with the Devil—they thought that women were more likely to. That women were—had a predisposition to bond with Satan.